All right. Argument in America, essential issues, essential text. We got part one, the environment, part two, education, part three, censorship, four, struggles for liberation, slavery, women’s rights, civil rights, part five, the individual and the community, civil disobedience, becoming America, and immigration and assimilation, and some arguments about argument. Okay.
Let’s go through. This is pretty cool, argument. What it’s looking like is, this is just a whole bunch of different essays. Black history is coming up, so this would be great, because it has a lot of Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Frederick Douglas, Jesse Jackson, another one. Oh man, yeah, this is extremely interesting. It’s just a whole bunch of different essays or speeches, whatever you want to call it.
For a whole different thing. I’m going to read the essays. That’s more for America, or for Black History, but “What to the slave is a 4th of July, 229,” by Frederick Douglas. I’m not going to go into the history of Frederick Douglas. When I go through this, depending on how long these are. Okay. Yeah. No, I’m not.
This is plenty. 248, yeah, it’s plenty for me to extract 400 words for you guys, but let’s go over what he’s discussing, “What to the slave is the 4th of July?” Let’s see in here, because I see in bold, the present. Yeah. Wow. This is going to be intense. The internal slave trade. All right. Let’s let’s look at what he says. Take the American slave trade, which we are told by the papers is especially prosperous. Ex Senator Benton tells us that the price of men was never higher than now.
He mentions the fact to show this slavery is in no danger. This trade is one of the peculiarities of American institutions. It is carried on in all the large towns and cities in one half of this Confederacy, and millions are pocketed every year by dealers in this horrific traffic.
In several States, this trade is a chief source of wealth. It is called in contradistinction to the foreign slave trade. The internal slave trade. It is probably called so, in order to divert from it, the horror from which the foreign slave trade is contemplated.
All right, let me break it down. So around when it was written, you got two different slaves. You had the international slave trade and then you have the internal slave trade. I don’t know exactly when this was written. This was a number five. He said 1821 to 1851. He was Senator.
If he wrote this in the twenties, that was right after they outlawed the importation of slaves from Africa, right, or importation of slaves in the United States because it was inhumane, and that’s right around the time that, that the world got a conscience about international slave trade, but that’s also right around the time that slavery in the United States ramped all the way up, because this is what’s around that time is like what classifies the American black slave different from anywhere else is because during this time we had also bought the Louisiana purchase, a couple of different years, but it’s all the same, and then there’s a huge demand for slaves, but then there was no way to get slaves from Africa.
Then the internal slave trade went bonkers, right, and this is when the separations of families was rampant and everything, because the price will want to press this slave skyrocketed, and the demand skyrocketed as well, so separating families, and then, I mean, I don’t want to go into the whole history around there, but I’m already at five minutes. We’ll read a little bit more, but this essay right here, will go. This is going to be great.
All right. We’ll move. I just read a little bit of the internal slave trade. Let’s read a little bit here at the end of that one again, because we’re moving so fast. I’ll have to read this, and then I’ll summarize for you later on.
“Is this the land your fathers loved? The freedom, which they toil to win. Is this the earth we’re on they moved? Are these the graves they slumber in? The fugitive slave law, but is still more inhumane, disgraceful, and scandalous state of things remains to be presented by an act of the American Congress. Not yet two years old. Slavery has been nationalized in its most horrific, horrible and revolting form. By that act, Mason and Dixon’s line has been obliterated.
New York has become as Virginia, and the power to hold hunt and sell men, women and children of slaves remains no longer a mere state institution, but is now an institution in the whole United States. The power is so coextensive with the star Spangled banner in American Christianity, where these go, may also the merciless slave hunter, where these are men are not sacred. He is a bird for the sportsmen’s gun, but that most foul and fiendish of all human decrees, the Liberty and person of every man are put in peril.
Your broad Republican domain is hunting ground for men, not for thieves and robbers, enemies as society merely, but for men guilty of no crime.
Your lawmakers have commanded all good citizens to engage in this hellish sport, your presidency, your secretary of state, your Lord’s Nobles, a sensationalistic in force, as a duty you owe to your free and glorious country, and to your God that you do this cursed thing. Not fewer than 40 Americans have within the past two years, been hunted down and without a moment’s warning herded away in chains, and consigned to slavery and excruciating torture.
Some of these have had wives and children dependent on them for bread, but of this, no account was made. The right of the hunter is his praise stand superior in the right of marriage, and in all rights in this Republic, the rights of God included for black men, there are neither law justice, humanity nor religion.
The fugitive slave law makes mercy to them, a crime and bribes the judge who tries them. An American judge gets $10 for every victim. He can sign to slavery, and five when he fails to do so. The oath of any 2 billion villains is sufficient under this help black enactment to send the most Pivotus, and extemporary black man into remorseless, jaws of slavery. His own testimony is nothing. He can bring no witnesses for him.
The minister of American justice is bound by the law to hear, but one side, and that side is the side of the oppressor. Let this be damning. Let this damning fact be perpetually told. Let it be thundered around the world that in this tyrant, killing, king-hating, people-loving democratic Christian America, they see to justice are filled with judges who hold their opposites under an open impalpable bribe, and our bond and deciding in the case of man’s Liberty to hear only his his accusers.”
Whoa. I don’t know if you guys understood everything, what he just said right there, but let’s take a key point. If the judges paid $10 to send you to slavery, and five to set you free, what do you think he’s going to do? Just makes more sense. They’re going to send you back to slavery.
I’m going to read more about that. I did not know that, nor a lot of us didn’t. I did not know. Very interesting. I’m glad that I did find this, because there is a lot of, excuse me, gold in this book, a lot of gold. Well, I hope you guys found that as interesting as I did.