Good morning. Box number five.
Let’s see, which one do I want to get the day started with? Its first thing in the morning. Just going to recap last night, before I went to bed. Talked about this one, box number five. We got this one, this one, la voila. I almost dropped it. And we also have Padua and the Tudors. So we’re going to go through Padua and the Tudors since it’s in my hand. So, let’s see what’s interesting about here, what’s in here.
The English Nation at Padua, students of law, students of medicine, natural philosophy. Let’s go see what they’re talking about. 73.
Okay. I left Oxford in 1503 to study medicine in Padua. The anonymous register of Merton College noted that, Padua was the most famous university for humane studies and was going to devote himself to The presenters for much of the foreign, essentially, Padua medicine and natural philosophy would extend influence on English Humanist studies and Aristotelianism… I don’t know how to pronounce this word, maybe you… That one, right there. Aristotelianism… Has been recognized only in the most fragmented ways, despite the examples. So.
So, wherever Padua is, right, Padua, I got to look on the map because it was part of the English colonies, I’m guessing, because I mean the English experience it. And they’re talking about the students of medicine and natural philosophy, the 16th century Padua studium was renowned above all for its medicine. And before the end of the 15th century, it had begun to absorb the movement in the field pioneered by Niccolò Leoniceno in Ferrara, and now described as medical humanism, was primarily intended to reconstruct the original words of the ancient Greek medical sources, especially of Hippocrates, and his interpreter, Galen. And of the chief source of ancient natural philosophy, Aristotle, to make their writings available in Greek and the new Latin translations. The medical students, as an essential steps towards a reformed, and academically moderated medical practice, and to challenge the position in academic. How to better amenable Arabic interpreters of the Greek tradition.
All right, this is actually pretty interesting. Because of the therapeutic importance of the medical samples in ancient medicine, and because of Galen’s evidence.
Hold on, let me just, instead of just trying to read it all to you, because I’m kind of reading out loud. Kind of like, wait Eric. Wait, wait, what?
So what I’m gathering through here is these people in the 1500s in Padua, they went there and they started their studies and then… This is the 1500s, so when they’re talking of medieval, which, I mean, it’s, what 200, 300 years before that? I mean, it doesn’t seem like it was a lot of years, but I’m only 36 so two, 300 years is a lot. So I guess the medieval times, because it could be all the way back to the 1100s.
So what he’s saying is the medicine, like the Greeks. You’ve got to remember, the Greeks were B.C. So in the media, they challenged the position in academic medicine held by medieval Arabic interpreters of Greek tradition. So what he’s saying is, right then around the 1500s, when they went to this place called Padua or whatever it’s called. At that point in time, the trend, the Greeks and the ancient medicine was interpreted through the Arabic’s, right. So they wanted to translate it basically towards English and be it more of the crusaders or whatever, Jesus. And so that’s what they set out to do on that part. I mean, yeah. I got to read some more. It’s pretty interesting. I mean, it goes on for…
Quite a few pages. I mean, it talks about all the way into the 1600s. So it talks a hundred years of what happens down there. Let’s see if we can find anything. .
All right, here we go. Talking about Greeks and everything. Henry Cuffe is one such student from around Harvey’s time. A pupil and colleague of Henry Savile in Oxford in the late 1570s and 1580s. Cuffe had been appointed Regius Professor of Greek in 59. Later became a client of the Earl of Essex, and was implicated in his rebellion. Okay. Licensed like a significant number of other members of the Essex. Cuffe matriculated at Padua in 1597. In 1600, he wrote a work of natural philosophy, which was printed post-mortemly in 1607. As the differences of the ages of man, it is impossible to establish a precise relationship between the philosophically eccentric, [inaudible 00:06:27] work which draws on Plato, Aristotle, Galen, and the hermetic writers.
Oh man, I can’t pronounce these words. Averroes, Avicenna, Paracelsus and [inaudible 00:06:46] studies in Padua. But the relationship itself is certainly embedded in the work. Okay. Let’s just get to where I thought it would say. Sometimes I had the whole paragraph. I need to read a paragraph. I’m trying to get to where it was at the bottom, but let’s see…
Long discussions… So when you’re reading in your head, all the words you can’t pronounce, it doesn’t matter. You just skip over it. [inaudible 00:07:14]. Half the time, again, if you can tell it’s a name, it’s a name. Right. So I mean, when you’re reading in your mind, who cares, if you can pronounce a name, right? It doesn’t matter. Or even like “philosophical,” if you, if you see the word a million times, you can look it up one time. It doesn’t matter if you can pronounce it, you just look at it and you know what it means.
It’s not very important… I mean, it probably is really important, but I got to read the whole chapter. Right. There’s a lot, it’s talking about the Greeks and everything, but I’m trying to like snap some out, but he’s long-winded so it’s not like today where it’s like, boom, and it hits you with like information where its really easy. This is like, you’ve got to read the whole bloody 30 pages for you to be able to explain what’s going on. Right. Because they’re doing it in a story-based, well, all these are kind of story basis. So it’s kind of different. Yeah. This poses more of a challenge, to just pick up and kind of get it.
Because then you don’t want to watch me read, but it’s already… Let me see one thing. What is Padua? Right? The university of Padua was one of Europe’s great centers of learning in the pre-modern period. Located in Northeast Italy, about 20 miles from Venice. The Padua Studium was officially founded in 1222 as a result of a student migration to the University’s bursity of Bologna.
In the course of the following century, it came to be recognized as a universitas scholarium. That is a self-governed legal corporation of scholars protected by Padua’s civil authorities. From 1260, it’s statues were confined, and from 1264 it’s chancellor, who was always the Bishop of Padua, conferred academic degrees by the Pope sanction. Before the period dealt with this in his study, the studium had already succeeded in attracting many important intellectual figures, including a number of the early humanities, the pioneers of the Renaissance classical revival. In the 14th century, these numbers and poet…
So, okay, so the Padua… Helps to read the introduction, right? So it’s Northwest, or Northeast Italy. It’s been around since the medieval time, like I said, the 1200s, which makes sense because we were in the 1500s in the Renaissance and everything he was talking in the medieval time.
Yeah. What I’ll also do is I’ll kind of give a history of everything, because it’s only seven pages, but I’m already over 10 minutes. So a place of knowledge and studying. So again, read, build your own library, and you can have your own Padua, right?