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Essentials Of Geology

We’re going to try it a little bit different where instead of me looking at the camera, I have no idea if I’m in focus, but hopefully when I’m looking down at the book, I’ll be able to tell if you guys can see what I’m looking at better or not. This is why we’re doing this experiment. Let’s go back to the books. Let’s check out Advancing in the World of Work. What is this? No, that’s not in English. All this isn’t in English on this incredible light in texture, that’s kind of interesting. We got the collecting of guns…geology. Honestly, I’m not going to lie. Geology caught me more than anything else.

I’m getting old.

Essentials of Geology. You can kind of see how my room’s a little messy, whatever. I can get over it. Let’s check it out.

They don’t really explain how great geology is. Part of the reason I like geology is because I want to be a miner, I want to go get my gold. Right? My gold or my other things in Earth’s crest. In order to do that, you have to be a survey. You got to understand geology. All right. You can’t build on any type of thing and each little particle…where is the beginning of the book? I wasn’t even there yet, that’s why. If you’ve watched some of the other episodes of me rambling on about books, this is more of an adult book. You see how there’s just massive amounts and less pictures. The younger people’s books, they’re way more interesting. You can learn a lot faster because you don’t have to read as much, is what I’m saying. You can just look at pictures. You’re going to learn a lot more from this, obviously. Let’s look at this.

Rock groups, patterns and minerals, running water, jolly of streams and floods, unsafe ground landslides, riches and rock, energy and mineral resources. I want to learn about that, but there you go. Look at that. You can read most of that. That’s amazing. I think this is the better way to do it. While you’re listening to me, you yourself can look through the brief content and if something interests you, then Essentially of Geology. What interests me…where was I was? Here we go. Riches and rock. Of course, riches. That’s got me. That’s marketing right there, baby. 321. What is this? Look at this.

Types of metamorphic rock. Whoa. This is crazy. This is way more…I even forgot what page I was going to. 321.

See, this is the landslides and stuff. Look at this. They’ve got a car.

Here’s a quick little timeline. Remember 321. The Big Bang, origin of life, complex life appears, age of the dinosaurs, the Triassic to Jurassic to Cretaceous, the age of the mammals.

Oh, the horse was before the woolly mammoth. That’s crazy, I didn’t know that. 321. Oh, there we go. Look. Where’s the…what the fuck is that? Oh, excuse me. I’m sorry. What is this? This is the supercontinent and the late. These are the big continents. This is why you don’t see anything that makes any sense.

They put North…yeah, right dude. I don’t know what that is.

Here’s a different one.

Let’s get to where I’m at. You guys are going to let me get distracted. Riches in rock, energy and mineral resources. Look at this.

Oil and gas now account for more than half energy supplies. Yes, but what is this graph? Energy needs have increased in the past 150 years. Different energy resources have been used to fill those needs.


Wood, and then to the two thousands. Look at that. Nuclear, just a little bit. Oil and gas, coals. Coals is right there. This book’s a little bit older. As we all know, renewable sources or renewable energy is really big right now. Through here, sources of energy in the earth system. I’ll go over this a little bit more, most definitely in the larger part. I’m not going to do the whole chapter, but this is interesting. Let’s see if there’s anything more interesting.

No, this is cool. Oil and gas, what are oil and gas and where do oil and gas form. Look at this. Carbon and hydrogen atoms that combined oil and natural gas come from cells of algae and plankton, not from trees or dinosaurs. Well, who thought it came from trees and dinosaurs? Transformation of tiny and floaty organisms into flammable liquids or gases takes several steps and can only happen under special conditions. The process begins when the organisms die and their bodies accumulate along with clay on the floor of a quiet lake or sea. The bodies are so tiny that they cannot settle in places where the water is moving. The water is at the side of the deposition, contains dissolved oxygen. The organic chemicals make up the bodies of either oxidized or organic chemicals, making up the bodies oxidized or eaten by microbes and decompose.

But in oxygen-poor water, the organic chemicals survive and mix with clay to form an ooze, which, when deeply buried, become beds of black organic shale. The organic chemicals in such beds are the raw materials from which hydrocarbon form, so black organic shale is called source rock. Wow. I had no idea. That was pretty interesting. Now, obviously there’s more to it like, if a source rock is buried deeply enough, it becomes warmer, since temperatures increase with depth in the Earth. Chemical reactions, slowly transform the organic material in black shale into waxy substance called kerogen. Figure 2-2. There we go. Here’s the picture. Start right here.

The water goes down here to the source rock, organic-rich mud turns to black shale. Under heat and pressure kerogen forms. The kerogen forms right here. This is 80 degrees Celsius. Then 120 degrees Celsius, that’s when it turns into oil. Basically, it’s a melting process of the plankton. Wow. That’s interesting. I would have never known that dead feces and dead animals and mammals and things in clay mixed together like, plankton and clay floating water sink and accumulate. That’s crazy. Then more sediment accumulates over the plankton-rich layer compresses it, and then it turns into source rock. Then as temperatures increase, kerogen turns to oil and the oil rises. Wow. That’s very interesting.

I had no idea. Well, this video is way longer than I wanted it to be, but that was interesting. I’ll read some more and then I will be able to give you a deeper analysis of…what chapter was this called? Riches in rock energy and mineral resources.